End of Year Film


Sine I started shooting this pages has been in control of my very existence every make in pink means a complete shot, done written in pink at the top means that page is completed, every day my minimum goal is to cross two boxes with pink Highlighter my maximum gold is to finish a whole scene from one set in a day. The yellow line are the shots given to Steve the once marked Ko with black pen are the once Ko did and the once with Me written in black is the one I did. On the days l left the studio with out any pink mark I felt so defeated I wanted to cry. I am glad that over now.

Photograph of me fixing and animating younger brother going back to the old womans hut.


I was able to animate one shot from the inside hut scene but I could do any more because the inside of the hut is too cramp my hand is moving things that are not pined down also the camera is too close to the hut which meant that I could not park my chair any closer to be able to reach things. I handed the shot over to Ko and describe what I wanted and she animated it beautifully.

Finally my last shot, I can’t believe that it ended up taking me about a month to film the whole thing,  i thought it was going to take much longer than this to finish but  thanks to Steve and Ko From the first year I am able to finish shooting  before the assessment.

Having fun with the old woman on the last day of shoot.


Little brother is all set up for his i forgot i hat mid up.

As all the shot left to shoot in the forest scene are all mid shots Steve suggest that for the walks I should pin the puppets leg to balsawood and after that all I needed to do is the move him left and right or up and down and forward to make them appear that his is working.

Another Forest

This is the first shot of all the puppets in the old woman’s hut, I am so happy to find that all can fit into the old.  this is the only hut indoor shot that i am able the shoot by my self.  I am so sad and disapointed that I won’t be able to animate the rest of the hut scene by my self, this is because the inside of the hut is too cramp my hand is moving things that are not pined down also the camera was too close to the hut which meant that I could not park my chair any closer to be able to reach things. I handed the shot over to Ko and describe what I wanted and she animated it beautifully I think.

Who knew that you can make a puppet work on a rope with just a maginet, a metal rode and some fish wire.  This has been one of my best bit to animation in my grad film, I agonised about it for the longest time before i started animating becasue i thought it was going to be very had animating 5 character but it was much easies then expected. I acually suprised myself because it took two days to walk all three boys over the wire.



On the 8th of May after I got the voice recording don I had to time it to the animatic then after that I had to drawing out all the mouth movement for the lip sync so that when I start animating I don’t need to think, all I need to do is look at this drawing and the x sheet.

As I was planning the mouth I decided that the old woman will look great if I take out her two front teeth and that a good way to make the brothers look different when they open their is the give the younger brother gap tooth and the other two brother a complete set of teeth so I can use the same mouth for both of them.


Puppet Clothes


After watching the video I was all set the make the costume, before I cut into the fabric I needed to be sure that I am cutting the right pattern to the right size for the puppet because any mistake will mean a waste of fabric as I only have enough to make one clothes for each puppet. This was a bad judgment on my part. I suddenly became Terrified of making mistake I decided to take the puppets, the fabric and the video instruction to the costume store to ask for help with cutting the pattern correctly.

Before and during the Easter holiday I spent time at the costume studio with Verity Cleary, Kate Burnett and Bonnie Radcliffe they watched the video and one by one they instruct, guide and helped me through making the clothes for my characters.

This was used to sew younger brother’s top also call Agbada. I don’t think it makes any differences that I use the instruction to sew a woman’s agbada for this him.

Part1 & 2 of this video was used to make the middle and older brother’s top or Buba.

This was used to make younger brother’s hat

Making The Heads

Old Woman’s head

Older brother’s head

Middle brother’s head

Making The Parttern For The Clothes


I drew another pattern and asked my sister’s opinion on which is better suited to the character and she went with the first one so I went with that as well.  To make sure I have the right scale of pattern on the fabric, imported a drawn to scale image of the character into Photoshop then I merged the pattern and the purple background together. I then placed the pattern/background image on the image of the character and shrunk it till it fits over the character top in a reasonable looking way.

After deciding on the size of the pattern on the clothes I then take the shrunk pattern duplicate it till it spread out covering an A3 sheet in Photoshop then I merge it and save it as a JPG and sent it off to print as a fabric sample.

I ended up using the erase tool to clean off some of the patterns to let of some purple, I think this looks much better.

As you can see the white is too bright so I changed it to pink, I also found that the repeating pattern so close together makes it look more like a wall paper.

After studing the design below I drew this in Illustrator for the pattern on the older brother’s clothes, I will use the white version and place it on a layer of the same shad of purple I used in the storyboard.  This will be done in photoshop

I have been looking on the internet to find Yoruba tie and dye prints to use as inspiration for the patterns on the tie and dye for my characters fabric, I found this print I will use it as inspiration for the pattern on the older brother’s clothes I chose it because of all the boxed sections on the design it fits with older brother’s design because I used the square shape to design him.



River Modles


The river started out being green and changed to blue, I think it looks better as blue before everything was too green.

Making Tress


Plan and measurement for the trees

There tree were made by me and my first year helper Lily Ash Sakula, I drew the shapes of the tree on foam board and she cuts them out and paints them according the reference image. She is very fast in completing the task she was given which meant I was able to finish the tress faster then I expected.  Lily also helped me make my animatic breakdown sheet, completed the drawing of older brother and old woman turn around sheet as well as painting two of the river models.  In addition to those she also made the armature for half the body of the younger brother which I will be using for the drowning scene as will as the big armature of the younger which I will be using for the close up of when he is eat.





The Next step was handed to me


Sketches by Ivy O Edemafaka

After week 14 the film guide schedule that I was desperately trying to follow went out the window because the armature build did not finish as planed I also had to start building the set while I was still doing the armature which made things a lot stressful.





For the puppet hands I found a wood from an old coat hanger, printed the puppet hand that I draw in illustrator and taped it to the wood then I hammer pins on the points just as instructed in Nina’s diagram. After that I just followed the her guide on passing the wire through the pins, my first three tries were failure because I was trying to follow the insertion by the letter and not thinking out of the box to fine a way to make it work for me but after I did that everything was ok. It took me a day and half to make 8 hands 4 I needed the rest were spears just in case there was breakage.


While I was waiting for Laura to finish cutting the tube I found wire and plasticine laying around and made this worm, I call her Celestine.


Laura giving me a hand with cutting my first bach of tubes

Going into the building of the armature my biggest worry was how I was going to cut all the square brass tubes needed to build all four characters. I know if I used a saw it was going to take a very long time to cut all the pieces that I need so decide to use an electric saw to cut it. But I hadn’t used an electric saw before; Laura had and agreed to cut the tube for the woman armature for me. I watched while she used it as well as asked question so that I will know what to do when I cut the rest tubes on my own. After some advice from Laura I also decide that instead the square tube for all the bones of the puppets which will mean that I will have to cut 144 tubes. I will only use the tubes for the parts of the puppets that I want to be replaceable in this case the heads hands and feet, I also as I want the puppets to have bendy feet I will also need to cut some tube for meaning that I will only need to cut 56 tubes.

Preparing to build armature


Normally when I am designing the armature for my character I print the design on paper then I use a pencil to draw the armature on top the design but this time I decided to draw it on another layer onto the character in illustrator I felt this was the quickest way to get it done. If I had done it by hand as I usually do I would have had to draw each bone for each limbs, as well a measure ever limbs to make sure they are the same size which would have been more time consuming. By doing it all with adobe illustrator I only had to measure once and I could copy and past the lines representing the bones for all the limbs on the body. I have used the diagram in Nina Gantz notes about armature building to design my characters armature.
I normally make simpler armature for my characters but this time as I am doing a three minutes film I worry that my previous type of armature would not be able to stand that much movement and would break before the end of the film. In her presentation to our class Nina Gantz said that in the production of her film Edmond (2015) by Nina Gantz the armatures were made with replaceable limbs so that if there is any limb breakage it can easily be replaced. I made the decided to make my armature the same way. Another motivation for doing armature with removable limbs was that it will make it easier to put the puppet dress the puppets. When I was making the clothes for the puppets in the ENO project I realised it was difficult dress a puppet in a well fitted clothes when the hands legs and head have already been fitted on it. The only way I could think of to put the clothes on was to cut it open at the back and glue Velcro on the ends of the cut, this way the blouse can the worn like a backwards shirt and the Velcro used to close the opening, to avoid this I decided go for removable limbs this way the clothes can go on easily and the heads, hands and feet can the put on afterward this also means that I can sew well fitted clothes for the characters.


The image that I produced above gives an idea of what I would like the forest to look like at the final scene of my animation. It still needs work – I want to blend the cloud into the sky, it but does capture the colours I want to use.

Paper background drawn in Adobe Illustrator

This is the background I will use for the scene after the rain when the boy runs back to the house.


This is the background I will use for the opening scene when it is raining

This is the background I will use when the boys are working the rope

After studying the images below I have come up with the design of the sky in my forest background, the one on the top is the none rainy day sky, the next one is the rainy day sky and after that is the sunset sky and at the bottom we have another none rainy day sky for maybe another part of the forest if need be.  I enjoyed making this in Photoshop.

Researching Layout and Background colours

Looking for rainy day colour scheme

Looking for sunset colour schemes



On the Thursday 18th January character designer / animator Sophie Koko Gate gave a talk and a workshop to our year. She showed us a lot of great techniques in Photoshop and gave a lot of fantastic and useful advice on character design.  Above all, she emphasised the importance of doing loads of drawings as a way of coming up with the final characters. During the day, we were given plenty of time for this and it paid off because I resolved a number of issues about how I wanted my characters to look.

Before the class I already had an idea of what I wanted the characters to look like because I made a sketch based on the illustration in the book during the Christmas holiday.  The book only had two illustration which I liked especially the old woman and wanted my character to look like.

Character turn around drawn in illustrator

Sketches from character design class

Sophie suggested that adding deep wrinkles would help to make the old woman’s face scary. She she is small and because the boys are physically bigger than her,  they must have a reason to be afraid of her.

Ideas for the brothers

Older Brother

Middle Brother, I think I prefer the younger brother to be wearing the clothes he is wiring apart from the cap.

Younger Brother

So all in all it was a very productive day with Sophie Koko Gate.


Ideas about the look and fill of the film.


As the author of the book is from the Yoruba tribe of Nigeria and from the two illustrations in the book it appears that the boys are dressed in Yoruba clothes. I decided to make my character from the same tribe, I also want this to influence the look of the set as well so as the Yoruba tribe of Nigeria are well known for their tie and dye print also known as Adire. I will dress the character in tie and dye fabric, to ensure that the characters are dressed a fabric of the correct scale and texture I will design the pattern and dye the fabric myself. According to Purves

‘Noting betrays the scale of a puppet more then fabric. The printed fabric that looks delicate when used for a full-size human outfit will often look like thick, rough hessian when used on a miniature puppet seen in close close-up on screen’ (2014, p. 147)

I think this will help solidify that the character are part of the world that is being built around them rather then them looking out of place if the scale of the fabric that they are wiring look out of place.
The tribe is also known for their great ceramic so I wanted to make the old woman’s kitchen utensils look like she had moulded them herself although as they were 3D printed I am not sure if that will work. In Nigeria some of the village’s sand are very orange and set against the rich green vegetation it is beautiful. I have tried to capture this look with the colours of the ground of the set. I am specifically going for a Nigerian narrator’s voice to further strengthen this idea, I look online for the names of Yoruba musical instrument that I knew the sound of and ask the composer to design the a soundtrack with those instruments. In the end I hope a folktale with cultural educational and visual pleasing film.
My attempt the do tie and dye didn’t work but I managed to salvage two fabric one I will use as the cover the boys use when they are in the old woman’s hut and second I will hung on the wall at the old woman’s hut.
As a plan B for the a student from the London School of Fashion recommended that I send the pattern off to be  printed on a fabric so this is what I did to solve the problem.

Research Videos

Who cares about chicken drum stick feather and armpit feather I am just going to use paint brush for feathers, cassava starch to draw the patterns and Dylon dye.

Trying to find out about Yoruba tie and dye

This was a popular TV drama when I was little I still remember the door to the old make house at the beginning of the film and I really want to use it for the hut.  I also like the colour of the sand and green vegetation in the land.


New update after changes from feedback


Feed back note from first animatic review


I imported all the images into adobe premier and made the animatic with the narration.  I couldn’t finish matching the end part with the narration before my tutorial so this is what I showed.


On our first week back from the Christmas break I asked Clare Murphy to take a look at my storyboard and recorded a narration for it. I’m glad she agreed to do it because that meant that I could have an animatic with narration ready for week 2.  After all the issues with our animatic on the last project I was determine to get a very clear animatic and to have my story resolved before production starts.

Going into the animatic my biggest worry was scanning all 196 storyboard boxes from my 9 pages.  Luck for me I remembered that when I was studying web design in college we were shown how to design a webpage template in Photoshop, one of the tool used to do this in Photoshop is, the slice tool.  My logic is that if I use the slice tool in Photoshop, I will only need to scan 9 pages, then open each pages in Photoshop and use the slice tool to slice the boards on each pages and then save them as individual image which I will then import as sequential image in adobe premier.

The only problem is that I don’t remember how to use the slice but I found a how to video to solve the problem.


In my case I couldn’t follow the video word for word because my storyboard boxes are not perfectly aligned, I had to use another method I remembered. Which is to turn on the ruler tool and put guide lines on to parts I want the slice to be so I can use the (slice from guide button), this way I can avoid cutting off some of the drawing off my storyboard.


Drawn guide line

slice from guide.

After that I just followed the rest of the insurrection from the video.


My only big issue with doing it this way is that after save all the images, I had to rename the entire file again because their number didn’t appear to be in the right sequence.




As I can’t seem to be able to make each characters look the same every time I draw them, I now think that anyone reading my storyboard will the confuse by this. So I have decided to photocopy the storyboard pages and assign particular colour for each character, to distinguish them I am hopping that this will make the storyboard easier to read.

Christmas Holiday Working

As I am drawing on the light box, I realised that I have come full circle , I actually have not used my light box since the 2016 Christmas holiday when I was doing the four legged work cycle. I have to use it this time to trace the forest background onto the boards that stays the same when the camera is not moving.

As I trace the drawings over and over again, I realised that if I had done the storyboard in TV paint, I only would have needed to draw the background once on a separate layer and then just the rest of the scene on another layer

Some sketches

while storyboarding I some times fill comfortable drawing the image big before drawing it small enough to file the tiny box on the board




It would have been faster if I had drawn the storyboard in TV paint because by doing so Iit would have also have served as my animatic. However, I chose to do it by hand since I hadn’t done much hand-drawing in a while and not only did I miss it, but it gave me a much  needed break from sitting in front of the computer.


While I was looking for an example of African animation I found this one titled Orisha’s Journey (2014) by Abdul Ndadi the story is about a little girl that goes on a journey with a little creature she finds in the woods, on her quest she meets new creatures and learn more about her culture.

I like the music I think it works well with the visual but I don’t really like the animation style and the visual it too Disney for me I think I expected something Nigerian a visual that similar to an African painting or sculpture I also don’t like the voice over it does not fit the film.  It would have worked better if they had a Nigeria voice over instead of an African American voice  I must make sure I pick these things correctly when I am doing my film.

I like this one even though the narrator’s voice is not of the same origin as the story it still works. I like the music and the sound effects, hopefully I can do something similar in my film.

Reference Images


I then began researching images for my story setting. I explored images of  West African village scenery, both photographs and paintings to give me a some strong ideas for the forms and layout of the images in my  storyboarding.

Drawing inspiration initially from the storybook illustrations, I began to look at some more contemporary images of traditional Nigerian costume.

I have read the story countless times and below is a breakdown list of what I need to storyboard.


First step was to scan the pages of the story I have chosen from the original book.


For my final project I have chosen to base my 3 minute film on one of the  short stories in the above book.  I read this book as a child, and my sisters and I loved the stories in it so much, that when we came to London as teenagers, we brought the book with us.

Since becoming an animator I have been waiting for the day that I feel sufficiently confident in my skills to one day make the stories in this book into an animated series, with each story representing as an episode.  For now, my graduation film is episode 1 and although the title of the story I am animating is Three Brothers and the Old Woman, I intend for this project to take the title of the whole book: Stories/A Story?? My Mother Told Me.


Assessment Day


So just like that after two months of worrying and sleepless night. It has finally come to an end, the long awaited 8th of December, the deadline to our 2minute film.

It was wonderful to finally see everybody film after months of hard work, congratulation to everybody, your works are so beautiful. I am so proud to be in the company of such talented people.

Its been  wonderful and I learnt a lot that I hope to put to good use in my end of year project. I think one of my biggest breaks through is finding out that I can be productive in big classroom or a crowded space.  For as long as I can remember I have always been too comfortable working on my own in a quiet and seclude space where I can access that empty space in my brain and bring my ideas to life. This was why I liked working in our old puppet studio so much. And when we lost the space I actually thought that my work will suffer a lot.

It was a surprise to me that I could still find that quiet space in my head even in the big classroom and I was able to concentrate and work on the projects. It was also great to get to be able to hang out with my classmate and see how they work; I didn’t get to do that last year.

Analysis of role Research


Found this while researching for the 1000 word essay about the analysis of the role in played in my group project.

I wish I fund this video before I started the costume for the characters for the ENO project.  It really help understand more about costume design for stop motion animation.  For example I was surprise to find out that coralline wasn’t actually wearing denim in the film, it never accorded to me that real denim will look extremely large when juxtapose with the character.

This will help a lot when I start design the  characters costume for my end of year film.  Before then I will be using this to inform my research on my 1000 word essay about analysing the role I took on the ENO group project.

We Are One (Group Project) 12/10/2017 to 08/12/2017


27/11/2017 to 01/12/2017

shoting green screen loops for the woman’s march scene

20/11/2017 to 24/11/2017


I started animating my first shot for this project last week Thursday.  In this scene Winnie Mandela is standing minding her own business and having her own peaceful protest when one of the paper figure walks in from the left of the screen grabs her form behind and drag her away.

At first I was excited happy to behind the camera in a dark room animating once again. I haven’t done this sine June when I was animating the children’s society project.

I was a bit slow at the beginning because I had to familiarize myself with the software again but once I got over that it was down to business or so I thought but business wasn’t as smooth as I imagined as I find animating Winnie was very simple but animating the paper man was much harder as he is meant to move at a much slower peace then Winnie


13/11/2017 to 17/11/2017


06/11/2017 to 10/11/2017


































This is my Version of the hats.

To make the six woolly hats for the women’s walk scene I first needed to know how to make the hat. I found this good video guide to help with that.

30/10/2017 to 03/11/2017

making the clothes for the Winnie Character, I felt I needed to dress her in a to with patterns to make her look like she is wireing African print


Made 6 armatures in 2 and a half days give or take. it will probably take a pro less that time to make but I think I have gotten better in making this compare to how long it took to make when I was doing the Children’s Society project. This is thanks to all that practice during the summer holiday.

YouTube Preview Image

I found this video during the summer which helped a lot, I have combined the technic used here with the one we learnt last year to simplify my puppet making skill.

in the group we discussed my storyboard options and decide to change the part where she is grabbed by the newspaper man to him putting a giant cage over her instead. this change was in respond to Natasha telling us to be mindful of each scene not to be full of the women being grabbed.

second option


Storyboard options for changes the ENO suggested for the film, they wanted us to somehow line Gandhi to the beginning of our film. My ansawer to this is the storyboard above.

This is for the opening scene, reading from left to right, Winnie is looking up at Gandhi as he speaks on a podium, this part is inspired by a scene in the opera where Gandhi is looking up at Martin Luther King. Next she walks away to a stage of her own, as she speaks then the giant newspaper man comes from behind and grabs her away.

23/10/2017 to 27/10/2017

reference for the opening scene.

On the 27th we shot our reference video for the animation.  It is very informative to be able to get into our characters head experience the emotion we want them to portray.

Aimatic after some clean-up

Aimatic before clean-up

16/10/2017 to 20/10/2017





















more character designs during the weekend.

09/10/2017 to 13/10/2017


My first character concept sketch for the project, I was suppose to draw an African woman wiring a suit, wanted to try her wearing other clothes.

Ref images from google and Pinterest for clothes and hair style.

we decided that the three women should, one African, one Chinese and one Brazilian. we finished the day with plains to make character design for when we next meet. I was tasked to do the African women.

while show watching parts of the opera it was decided that the background will be made similar to that of the opera.  We will be using corrugated Zink roof painted black as our background.

second and final draft, of story break down into list, after much discursion the group  made a decision on the background,

The first draft of the being bracken down to list, here we were trying to work out what the background should be, what the women should be doing in the scene and what they should be wearing as well as their ethnicity.

First day of group in the ENO project, I am in term Laura, her film is titled We Are One its based of the Opera by Philip Glass titled Satyagraha.

The ENO Project Midsummers Nights Dream


Draft 5, the chosen one.

draft 4, for this one I decided to make Oberon Tytania’s sister

draft 3

Second draft

My first draft, I decided to keep the opera as it is and only concentrate on the Oberon tytania, and the child storyline. I set the story in a forest and put the characters in Athenian costumes; made Bottom a real Ass and Puck will be a tiny fairy.


The Childrens Society Project

Reference Video and Animated clips

This was very difficult to animation because I couldn’t get the puppet to stand on one leg. everything I tried was unsuccessful

And this how the reference is translated in my animation. I really wanted the puppet to move like its filling the weight of the bag but the puppet was not flexible enough to do a proper bend. its hand was also too which meant that it didn’t need to bend very low to reach the bag on the fall. This made the end result look like the puppet is lifting a very light bag.

This is how the lift appeared the final film after a lot of editing in After Effects. In order to match it with the audio I had to cut out most of the starting. I also masked the bag to hid the movement and masked the curtain on the left to hid the movements.

this how the reference is translated in my animation. I really had a hard time getting the puppet to stand so I used yellow plasticine clay and armature wire as support. This decision although helpful at that moment will come back to hunt me when it came time to edit the shot.
YouTube Preview Image
My tutor sent me a link to this video to watch and use as inspiration for the transformation of my character. This video helped a lot because before I saw it I had no idea how I was going to transform between both character.
This image and some advice from my tutor help me had a decision on my I was going to achieve the transformation.

This is the head after I had covered it with kitchen roll covered with PVA glue, this is to make the surface of the blue foam ruff so that the gray plasticine clay I will be using the cover the head can stick to it. Learnt this from the old TV show call art attack.





The day before we show the animatic to children’s society I decided to make the joker puppet to give them an example of what the puppet was going to look like. because there was no time to make the puppet’s armature the way Stephanie Griffiths made it during the three days puppet build workshop.  I decided to make the puppet with just wire and use masking tape in place of the pen tubes

I was just going to have black cardboard of the sides of the stage but I changed my mind and add black curtains to complete the look.

For the sides of the stage we cut two gray boards into 60 by 40cm for both left and right sides of the stage and cover in inside part with double sided tape.  We covered it with black cardboard, then I

9 hours later we have our red fabric. I think that I over did it when i was rinsing the excess die out because the once red fabric after drying now has lighter parches on it.

I could not find red curtain for the back of the stage so I both calico and red die from the CSM art shop.

after the wood was drid it became corved in the middle and every time we applied PVA glue on it to stick it to the fomboard it just rased up again.


l had help with getting the line ruled on the balsa wood.



Mixing coffee and water in a cup and used it to paint the bolas wood.

I started by first making a small version of the stage out of paper to make sure the idea is sound be I invest a lot of time and material one the large version.

Reference  Images



B3CAKB Red draped theater stage curtains with light and shadows. Image shot 2008. Exact date unknown.





























when I first got the sound for the children’s society project. I was a bit shaken  because I was being asked to make an animation that is going to be representing a real person’s emotion and I didn’t want to disappoint or be inappropriate in my representation.

Creature Design

Creature Design

This is the final sketch, I will take it into Adobe Illustrator and simplify it to make it simple to animate. The leg belongs to a Peacock, the zigzag on its back are from a dinosaur and the rest of its body is still a meerkat.




Research Sketches


Video Research

YouTube Preview Image

This is the best video I c0uld find that shows a meerkat standing


YouTube Preview Image

This is the video I studied for my meerkat walking


Research Images

I was watching Italy Unpacked on BBC2 when I saw a Peacock and thought to myself, I have to have that crest on my creature.